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THE HUILLICHE COASTAL PEOPLE
Porque Soy la Fuerza de lo Innombrado
(Elicura Chihuailaf)



"He soñado en la luna creciente dice
y he trabajado los campos
Antes que las palabras
y que las flores fui (y más lejos)
Para mis hijas construyo
la casa de plata
mientras con el cabello alviento
cabalgo sobre el arco iris
Soy el agua que corre
Dormido va el mar en mí
y despierta la montaña
Porque soy la fuerza de lo
innmombrado, dice
corona del sol: tu canto".



The Huilliche (which means people of the south in the Mapuche-language Mapudungun) are aboriginal people and the southern branch of the Mapuche ethnic group. The Huilliche differ from the Mapuche in some elements including their language. They do speak a version of Mapudungun with some differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, which is called Chesungun.

Originally they populated the valley of the Toltén River until the Reloncaví Fiord and especially around today´s cities Osorno, Llanquihue and Valdivia. After the Spanish "Conquista", and even stronger through the immigration in the midst of the 19th century their population was heavily reduced.

In contrast to their sister Nation, the Mapuche, they developed mainly agriculture and livestock breeding. Predominantly they grew corn and potatoes, while Guanacos and Huemules (a type of deer) served for meat, coat and wool processing.

It is estimated that around the 15th century the bigger part of the Huilliche settled in the northern to middle part of Chiloe, where they lived from fishing and collection of shellfish.

Today the Huilliche people do live in the coastal region of Mapu Lahual / Caleta Condor and on the Chiloe Archipelago, where they still pursue the activities they did centuries ago: fishing, collecting shellfish, cattle farming and forestry. The latter they do with dead Alerce trees.

Recently they also began to incorporate eco- and ethno tourism to their range of industries to generate a living.


  


TOURISM PROGRAM

HUILLICHE TRADITIONS AT CONDOR´S CREEK
(5 Days / 4 Nights)



This five-day program will lead us to the heart of the Huilliche Community at the Pacific coast near the city of Osorno, founded by German colonists in the south of Chile. We will visit indigenous localities, where we can participate in their daily life, get to know their ancestors customs, enjoy their gastronomy and learn about their believes. Furthermore we can walk below some of the oldest trees of the world, in one of the best preserved forests of Chile.



Day 01 - OSORNO, CONDOR´S CREEK & HUILLICHES COMMUNITIES

(Dinner) We will depart from Osorno 55 km to Bahía Mansa (Silent Bay) at the Pacific Coast, where we will embark in a boat to sail along the coast before arriving Condor´s Creek, 8 km further to the south. This will be a very special experience, as we will be able to observe the enormous variety of marine life in the coastal ecosystem, including some small mammals as for example dolphins, otters and sea wolves.
The indigenous community of Condor´s Creek consists of 65 people or 30 families, of which the majority is of Mapuche-Huilliche parentage. Their mayor source of income is the sale of tejuelas which are the for the region typical wooden roof or wall shingles. The people there live in harmony with nature, they do not have any basic service or infrastructure like electricity, potable water, radio, telephone, school or connection to the road-network.
This isolation had the consequence that the human impact is still very low and you will find a practically untouched ecosystem, where the green of the trees contrasts with the turquoise of the sea and the massive extension of the white sands.

Accommodation in a family home.


Day 02 - DAY 2 CONDOR´S CREEK, CALETA HUELLELHUE & INDIGINOUS PARK
(Breakfast, lunch, dinner)

Today we will walk through the village before we will continue to the north in a boat excursion which will bring us to the Huellelhue village. Here do live approximately 130 people, of which 54 % correspond to the indigenous community of the Ñirehue and 45 % to the indigenous community of Huellelhue. We will visit an isolated farm of a Huilliche family, where we will enjoy a delicious lunch. Afterwards we will realize a small trek through the village into direction of the Gilberto Cumilef Quintul Park, which is part of the Network of Indigenous Parks Lafken Mapu Lahual (Land of the Fitzroya Trees), which protects ancient Fitzroya trees and some of the most beautiful beaches of Chile. The Fitzroya Trees are some of the oldest trees on the world. They can become thousands of years old are a larch type and belong to the cypress family.
When we enter the native forest of the park we will see an impressing variety of plants, trees, bushes, creeper plants, mosses and ferns. Apart from this there are many insects, birds, mushrooms and other livings.
When we walk along the path we will most probably, see many new types of native trees which one does usually not see in others parks in the Andes Cordillera, like for example the olivillo costero, alerce, luma, tepú and lenga. These trees are in an excellent state of preservation and many you cannot see in any other part of the world,

Accommodation in a family home.


Day 03 - HUELLELHUE – DISCOVER THE HUILLICHE LIFE
(Breakfast, lunch, dinner)

Today we will get to know the village and the school of the Huellelhue and we will have the opportunity to interact with the local people through diverse activities like boat drives, going fishing, making bread, horse riding excursions along the beaches or visiting the woods again.
The Indigenous Park-Network Lafken Mapu Lahual was created in 2001 with the goal to preserve a sample of the native woods of the Coastal Cordillera and the traditional indigenous knowledge for future generations. At the same it is also trying to generate alternatives of income for the families in the community through tourism, handicrafts and other activities which are compatible with the conservation.
The variety of fauna in these woods is astonishing. It is estimated, that there is a variety of 30 different birds within the woods and a similar number of mammals, of which some rodents are quite interesting and other species like the Molina´s Hog-nosed Skunk, the Kodkod or güiña, the fox or the pudu, mountain monkeys, the river nutria or the Puma.

Accommodation in family home.


Día 04 - HUELLEHUE – OSORNO
(Breakfast, lunch/picnic)

Today we will drive back to Bahía Mansa by boat, from where we will continue to Osorno. In case the weather should not permit the boat trip we will do the transfer by foot with the help of horses until Rio Negro.
When we arrive in Osorno we will have time to dinner in one of the numerous restaurants within the city.

Accommodation in Hotel Sonesta.


Day 05 - OSORNO
(Breakfast)

Today our trip will end with a transfer to the airport, for those who do not want to continue their program in the region of the Lakes and Rivers.


Important Note:

- It is recomendable to travel with little luggage, prefer bags and backpacks instead of suitcases, if possible please leave all luggage you do not need in the Hotel in Osornos already on the first day upon commencing the tour.

- Good hikeing shoes, Leggins and waterprooved cloths are necesarry, besides one complete set of cloths to change and shoes to change.

- If the Boattour on day 1 is not operable because of unfavourable weather, it will be organized a transfer to Rio Negro/Millantue and from there we continue to hike for about 5 hours to the Huellehue Park, the programe will be operated vice versa in this case.

- The Hikes will lead through difficult terrain with some steep inclinations, the program is recomended for people in good physical conditions.
 

 

 
         
         
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