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THE MAPUCHE PEOPLE
En Este Suelo Habitan Las Estrellas
(Elicura Chihuailaf)

"En este suelo habitan las estrellas En este cielo canta el agua
de la imaginación
Más allá de las nubes que surgen
de estas aguas y estos suelos
nos sueñan los antepasados
Su espíritu -diecen- es la luna llena
El silencio su corazón que late".



The Nation of the Mapuche (meaning in Mapudungun language: Mapu = earth and Che = people) outnumbers any other indigenous people in Chile and is the third biggest original culture in South America.

Their region was populated approximately 13.000 years ago from hunter-gatherer. According to traditions and oral records of the Mapuche their roots where generated after a disastrous flood which was caused by the big sea-snake Kai Kai. Another big snake, the earth-snake Ten Ten which is living between the Volcanoes had recommended some men to find shelter in the Andes, before the inundation. The survivors of the great flood created the Mapuche Nation, according to their records.

In no point of time the Inca Empire which extended until central Chile accomplished to dominate the Mapuche people. They defended a giant area between the Andes of the central region in the north to the Archipelago of Chiloe in the south.

The Spaniards, arriving in the middle of the 16th century where quite impressed by the extraordinary fighting spirit of the Mapuche and they called them "Araucanos".

During centuries the Spanish conquerors did not manage to break through the barrier along the Bio Bio River. The war against the Araucanos ended in 1891 after the foundation of the republic during the so-called pacification process of the Araucanía.

Today the offspring of the Mapuche people do live on the Chilean side in the rural areas of the ninth region, called the Araucanía as well as in parts of the eighth region, the Bio Bio and in the capital Santiago.


  


TOURISM PROGRAM


MAPUCHE LEFE AT BUDI LAKE
(4 Days / 3 Nights)



Day 01 - BUDI LAKE
(Dinner)

Transfer from Temuco or Valdivia Airport to the Budi Lake. We arrive at the community Llaguepulli, which is the touristic center of the Lake with a broad spectrum of activities and accommodations. After the initial welcome by the people of the community, we receive an interesting introduction about the world view of the Mapuche people, about their believes and their custom. One of the most attractive elements is the dance and the music of the Mapuche and in a place which allows getting to know the local people will be presented traditional dances, in which we are invited to participate. At the end of the day there is a very special place which invites us to rest – a traditional Mapuche Ruka.

Accommodation in Family Ruka.


Day 02 - COMMUNITY LLAGUEPULLI – PLAYA PUAUCHO
(Breakfast, lunch, dinner)

After breakfast we will visit a garden with medical plants, where we can appreciate some secrets of the more and more valued Natural Mapuche Medicine. We will be impressed by the large variety of plants and herbs in their garden, whereby every single one has its clearly defined purpose. We will also listen about the "Machi", who can cure diseases with their wisdom where traditional medicine does not work anymore. Not all communities do have a Machi, because they are not being selected or elected. They are discovered for having special abilities and being gifted persons for this function. In the following we will learn about the Mapuche women art of cooking and the results we will enjoy during lunch. In the afternoon we will depart for an excursion to the Puaucho beach, where we will visit the place where the ship "Joven Daniel" wrecked during the Tsunami after the great Earthquake in the year 1960. On the way we drive by the mountain Tren Tren, a fundamental place in the context of the mythology of the creation of our planet. According to the Mapuche people, the earth was born by the confrontation between Tren Tren (the snake which gives origin to the ground) and Cai Cai (the snake which gives origin to the sea). The Mapuche tradition does also say that there are regular disequilibria between the forces of Tren Tren and Cai Cai, which have to be restored. Return to Llaguepulli.

Accommodation in Family Ruka.


Day 03 - ART WORKSHOP – LLEUFU ISLAND

In the morning we do have the opportunity to work hand in hand with the craftspeople, elaborating typical products made of drapery and with techniques of staining. They show us the different ancient ways of working materials and in the end we can take our self-made handicraft home as a souvenir.
We say goodbye to the family and depart with course to the Llepu Island. The trip will show us the western coast of the Budi Lake, where we will find an extraordinary variety of birds. In many opportunities we can get close to the Lake in order to observe them well. After lunch in the restaurant of Mrs. Norma, we continue by boat to the Llepu Island. During the boat tour we can appreciate numerous families of black-necked swans and other birds as for example the Kingfisher.
Upon arrival on the Llepu Island we will visit a small museum and we will walk a bit in this beautiful place where only 17 people do live. With a bit of luck we can enjoy the famous Waikil for dinner, a delicious fish, which does only exist in this lake.

Accommodation in the rustic Hostel Piuke Leufu.


Day 04 - BUDI LAKE – TEMUCO

After breakfast we return by boat to Collieufu and the following the transfer will bring us back to Temuco or Valdivia. End of the program.
 

 

 
         
         
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